Bodybuilding Shin& Calf Injury during Exercise

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Shin and Calf Injury

Since running tends to exercise the calf muscles more than those in the front, runners are most prone to lower leg injury. Every lower-leg injury has its specific biomechanical causes, all rooted in tight calf muscles and relative weakness in the front leg muscles.

Your tight calves exert force on your heel, which in turn pulls the front of your foot down.

The muscles in the front of your leg eventually become the receiving end of the strain. Unfortunately, these leg muscles are not strong enough to resist the pull.

The shin and calf are one of the most likely portions to bear the brunt.

One of the most common shin & calf injuries is the corked calf.

Fortunately the corked calf is not serious and usually settles down within 1-2 weeks.

But on very rare occasions, the corked calf can exacerbate to a compartment syndrome. Calf strains and shin splints are common shin & calf injuries.

For one, a calf strain may be gauged as grade one, two or three, relative to the gravity of the condition. In a grade one calf strain, the symptoms may not be obvious present until after the activity is over,

when a sensation of cramp or tightness sets in. In a grade two calf strain, the pain is more immediate and more severe than the grade one injury.

Usually, a grade two calf strain feels sore at contact.The most severe has to be a grade three calf strain.

The sensation of burning or stabbing pain immediately sets in. The athlete is usually impaired of all walking propensities without pain.

The muscle is completely torn; there may even be a large lump of muscle tissue above a depression where the tear is.

As with the grade two calf injury, internal bleeding will be palpable in a few days. By and large, one should refrain from all strenuous activity for three weeks if one is in convalescence with a grade one calf injury.

Those afflicted with grade two calf injuries should do so for about 4 to 6 weeks. In cases of complete rupture, one will have to undergo surgical treatment wherein subsequent rehabilitation will take about 3 months.

To defer shin & calf injury, one must undertake proper warm-up prior to matches, coupled with a goof cool down thereafter.

Training is suggested to prevent muscle stretch injuries because the muscle is more extensible when the tissue temperature has been increased by one or two degrees.

Diet high in carbohydrate provides the adequate impetus of energy apt for muscle contractions.

Conversely, deprived of fuel, the muscles become susceptible to fatigue, which in turn predisposes a player to shin & calf injury.

Shin Splints

Shin Splint is often colloquial parlance for Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome, an irritation of the tibia (shin bone) at points where the soleus and tibialis posterior muscles attach to it. Those who suffer this shin injury must endure pain on the inner border of the tibia during exercise and also at rest.


Most patients respond to non-operative treatment as shin & calf injury exercise. Shin injury exercise involves rest, strengthening and stretching exercises, followed by a gradual return to running after symptoms subside.

Pes planus (flat feet) or pronated foot position (a lowered arch during running) is a common cause of this medical condition, which can be identified by a biomechanical analysis administered by a certified physiotherapist or podiatrist. Some persistent cases of Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome resistant to conservative treatment may necessitate surgery though.

One can still maintain fitness during recuperation period with special shin injury exercises like using non-weight-bearing exercises in the swimming pool.


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