Bodybuilding Knee Injury During Exercise

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Knee Injury - Injury During Exercise

If one dabbles in sports such as wrestling, basketball, competitive swimming, American football, Australian rules, skiing and soccer, or other sports that involve great stress to the knees, then he or she is susceptible to torn ligaments or cartilages at the knees.

Unfortunately common knee injuries are torn medial collateral and anterior cruciate ligaments and a torn medial meniscus, all incapacitating at best.

The advent of arthroscopy and arthroscopic surgery paved the way for more expedient techniques, in that patients may be walking without crutches in two weeks, and playing some sports in but a few months.

In search of effective preventive measures, scientific research is introspecting underlying problems that may increase the likelihood of an athlete suffering a severe knee injury.

Common knee injuries

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture

Situated deep within the knee joint, the Anterior Cruciate Ligament connects the shin bone with the thigh bone. The function of such ligament is to avert excessive movement of the shin with respect to the thigh and also prevent excessive rotation at the knee joint.

The ligament can be injured most notably by landing from a jump onto a bent knee then twisting, or landing on a knee that is over-extended.

Collision sports are liable for this knee injury, since direct contact of the knee from opponents can cause ligament damage.

The treatment of the knee injury is relative to the extent of ligament rupture and the subsequent functional impairment, the age of the patient and the level of sporting activity.

In cases of individuals affiliated with unflinching sporting standards,

surgical reconstruction of the ligament is the surest way to restore normal function. Based on the findings of surgeon Donald Shelbourne, a four-stage rehabilitation protocol has been devised.

It cannot be more emphasized that this rehabilitation program is only appropriate if the surgeon uses a bone patella tendon bone graft.

Early restoration of knee extension is considered paramount, with the heel initially being propped up unsupported in order to make the knee extend fully.

Rehabilitation in the form of knee injury exercises is started as soon as possible weeks later. Once knee flexion is plausible at an angle of 70 degrees, static cycling may be initiated.

Even during the late stage, strengthening and proprioception exercises should be progressed.

Medial Collateral Ligament Sprain

The medial collateral ligament is the large ligament bridging the thigh bone and the shin bone, which is located on the inside of the knee.

Depending on the severity of the knee injury, the sprain is classified as first, second or third degree.

Relative to the gravity of the knee injury, the convalescent must refrain from sporting activity for between 3 to 8 weeks.

Third degree sprain involves complete rupture of the ligament. In such cases, surgical procedure is most recommended, followed by a three-month rehabilitation period.

The rehabilitation program is not devoid of knee injury exercises, beginning with ankle and hip range-of-movement exercises. Later on, knee injury exercises such as proprioception may be initiated. Henceforth, straight line and 'figure-of-eight' running may be performed, as well as 'fitter' exercises.

Cartilage Tear

Football players are highly vulnerable to ripping their meniscus. The term cartilage tear is only common parlance as it is the meniscus within the knee that is actually damaged. There are two menisci, both made from vigorous fibrocartilage, within each knee - hence the usage of “cartilage”.

Surgery is often prescribed in cases when the flap causes locking or giving way. In other cases, the joint can recuperate after the initial swelling and pain, and normal activities can be resumed.

The length of rehabilitation is relative to the affected meniscus, the location of the tear, the size of the tear and the amount of meniscus that is removed by the surgeon.

A compression device such as a cryocuff or flowtron pneumatic unit must avert residual swelling. Isometric quadriceps and hamstring knee injury exercises may be initiated later on.

As soon as possible, range-of-movement exercises should be initiated if the patient’s condition permits.


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